Osmer, whereas this term was
finally accept in England only
1831. In 1809 Wizard won the
first running of the Two Thousand
Guineas in Newmarket, Suffolk.
In 1814 Charlotte won the first
running of the One Thousand
Guineas in Newmarket, Suffolk.
West Australian bred and raced by
John Bowes, trained by John Scott
became the first horse to win the
Two Thousand Guineas, the Derby
and the St. Leger in 1853. 15 colts
are Triple Crown winners in
England. The last one was Nijinsky
in 1970 and 9 fillies achieved the
Ladies' Triple Crown. In 1863
Queen Bertha won the Oaks and
her trainer John Scott from Whitehall Stable, Manton,
Yorkshire, established a record of 40 English classic wins
between 1827 - 1863.

In 1867 is published the first
volume of the Wallace's
American Stud Book.
The second volume was
published in 1870. Pierre
Lorillard's six-years-old
gelding Parole brought to
Epson to the Spring
Meeting of 1879, beat
the British bred at the City and Suburban Hcp. and at the
Great Metropolitan. This was the beginning.
In April 1883, twenty minutes
before the Two Thousand
Guineas was ran, Prince
Batthyany dropped dead a
few steps from the luncheon
room of the Newmarket
Jockey Club. Galliard, a son
of his Galopin, won the Two
Thousand Guineas minutes
after. The dispersal of the Prince's horses was in Newmarket
in July, and the Duke of Portland decided to buy a
two-year-old called Fulmen. Inspecting Fulmen with his trainer
Mat Dawson, the Duke discovered in the next box another
two-year-old named St. Simon. Fulmen was 500 Guineas
more of the Duke's last bid of $4,500 Guineas. Without
Fulmen, the Duke purchased St. Simon for 1,600 Guineas.
St. Simon was unbeaten and became another legend. He
was the best horse of the XIX Century. During his stud
career he covered 775 mares  and sired the winners of
571 races. He was twenty-seven years old when he
dropped dead in front to his stall at Welbeck returning from
a morning exercise.
On 1902, Sceptre the first
five-figure yearling (10,000 Gns)
completed a difficult task;
Win four of the five British
classics. She was one the
best ever. Her name belongs
to the history.


In 1904 Colonel William Hall Walker
invited Sir Sultan Mohamed Shah
Aga Khan, the Third of his dynasty,
to be part of the racing community.
Nearly twenty years late, in 1921, the
Aga Khan and the Honorable George
Lambton went in action buying yearlings.
In 1921 they purchased Teresina
(7,700 Guineas) and Cos (5,000 Guineas). In 1922 Diophon
(4,000 Guineas), Salmon Trout (3,000 Guineas),
Friar's Daughter (250 Guineas) and the great Mumtaz Mahal
(9,100 Guineas). In 1916, Colonel
William Hall Walker made a gift of all
his thoroughbreds to the British
Government, which agree to buy Tully,
his Stud Farm at County Kildare,
Ireland and founded the National Stud.
In 1943, the National Stud was moved
to England. Colonel Hall-Walker belived in Astrologie.

On 05 October 1933,
Sir Gordon Richards
complete a world record
of 12 consecutive winners.
was knighted 24 days later
after winning his only Derby
with Pinza. Sir Gordon
Richard won 4870 races, 14
English Classics and 26
jockey's statistics. "Probably
Sun Chariot was the greatest
racehorce I've ever been
Sir Gordon
Richards is one of the greatest
jockeys of the British r
acing signing his name with Fred Archer, Steve Donaghue
and Lester Piggott. 

Six days after his
success in the
Gran Premio
di Milano,
Nearco was sent
to France to run
the Grand Prix de
Paris. He won in
canter and was
retired unbeaten
in 14 races. Nearco
was sold to
the bookmaker Martin Benson for 60,000 Pounds and was sent
to the Beech House in England and there he remained until his
death on June 27th, 1957. He was leading sire in England two
On 17 May, 1944 Lords Derby's filly Garden Path,
ridden by Harry Wragg, made history when she becomes
the first filly to beat the colts in the Two Thousand Guineas
since Sceptre in 1902.

Pretty Polly the first
"noble" frequent travel.
On November 26 1946,
history was made when
the Missouri with
Captain George Wells,
four Irish and two
British Thoroughbreds
left Shannon in rain
adverse winds to make the first crossing of the Atlantic with
racehorses aboard. Approximately 6,000 miles were covered in
29 flying hours to Burbank California after a brief pit stop in
Newark, New Jersey. On 22 April 1947 in Epson, the
photo-finish camera is introduced on British courses and the
Yorkshire man Phil Bull founded the Timeform Organization
in Halifax.
Hyperion & Ribot, two leading sires
aroun the Thoroughbred Industry

“The first time the term 
Thoroughbred was coated in
England was at Dissertation
on Horses, by William
Osmer, whereas this term
was accept in England only
in  1831.”

Juliet Clutton-Brock



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